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국내 논문지

홈 홈 > 연구문헌 > 국내 논문지 > 공학교육학회 논문지

공학교육학회 논문지

Current Result Document : 6 / 7 이전건 이전건   다음건 다음건

한글제목(Korean Title) 과학과 기술의 관계
영문제목(English Title) Relation between Science and Technology
저자(Author) 김유신  
원문수록처(Citation) VOL 01 NO. 01 PP. 0057 ~ 0079 (1998. 11)
한글내용
(Korean Abstract)
이 논문에서는 과학과 기술의 관계에 대해 기술은 응용과학이라는 계층적 모델을 비판하고. 그 둘은 서로 독자적 영역을 가지면서 상호작용 한다는 상호작용 모델을 옹호한다. 상호작용은 모델에 의하면, 기술은 비록 과학으로부터 많은 지식을 비려오지만 과학으로부터 오지않은 자신의 지식영역이 있다. 기술을 구성하는 여러 성분중에서 특히 공학과학으로서의 기술에 중점을 두었고, 공학과학의 핵심을 설계에 있다는 것을 이야기 하고 공학설계의 특성에 관해 논의 했다. 기술적 지식이 과학적 지식과 다른것중 하나는 기술적 지식의 변화모델이 과학적 지식의 변화모델과는 다르다는 것이다. 기술적 지식의 두 가지 중요한 모델인 쿤 방식의 모델과 변이-선택 모델을 논의하면서 두 모델의 약점을 이야기 했다. 과학과 기술의 상호과학적 지식의 작용은 매개된 상호작용이라는 모델을 제시했고 그 모델의 가능성에 대해 간단히 이야기 했다. 산업계의 연구는 과학과 기술 사이의 상호작용의 한 형태이다. 이 산업계의 연구를 통해서 과학-기술은 점점 구조화되고 자율성을 띈다. 과학자와 공학자는 인격적 주체자이기 보다는 단순한 산업연구 구조의 한 부분이 되어 버린다.
영문내용
(English Abstract)
In this paper, I advocate interactive model which treats science and technology as distinguishable subcultures each with their own bodies of lore and competence against the traditional hierachical model which traeats technology as applied science. for engineering science which is a component in technology as knowledge, I count design as the core part of engineering and discuss the characteristic of engineering design. I also critically assess the models of technological knowledge change. Khunian model and variation-selection model to understand the relation between science and technology. I propose a model that science and technology interaction is mediated interaction. I only outline the plausibility of this model. Industrial research is a modern form of the interaction between science and technology. I discuss Reich who focused on the broad background of industrial research and MeyerThurow who has microperspective in industrial research. The conclusion I draw from the discussion, is that through industrial research, the science-technology interaction become more structured and autonomous, and the scientists and engineers become simply parts of the structure of industrial research rather than the personal subject.
키워드(Keyword) 과학   기술   공학과학   Science   Technology  
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