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국내 논문지

홈 홈 > 연구문헌 > 국내 논문지 > 공학교육학회 논문지

공학교육학회 논문지

Current Result Document : 5 / 7 이전건 이전건   다음건 다음건

한글제목(Korean Title) 중국의 공학교육 개혁 동향
영문제목(English Title) The Revolution Trend in Engineering Education in China
저자(Author) 이춘근  
원문수록처(Citation) VOL 01 NO. 01 PP. 0043 ~ 0056 (1998. 11)
한글내용
(Korean Abstract)
산업계 수요에 따른 중국 공학교유그이 주요 개혁 동향들을 고찰하였다. 중국 공학교육 개혁의 추진 배경은 소련식의 전문 교육과 문화대혁명이 영향으로 산업계의 고급기술자가 부족하고 연령상의 단절이 있으며 졸업생들의 현장 적응력이 부족했기 때문이었다. 이에 따라 80년대부터 다양한 경로를 통해 산업계 수요에 맞는 신규 인력의 공급을 확대하고 기존의 산업계 기술자를 재교육하기 시작하였다. 이공계 대학의 입학 정원이 크게 증가하였고 대학원 입시에서 실무 경험자를 우대하는 정책을 실시하였다. 국가 교육위원회 주도로 산업계 수용에 맞는 고급기술자의 양성 경로를 탐색하고, 이를 토대로 산학 협동의 공정석사 양성 방안을 실험하였다. 공과대학의 주요 개혁 동향으로는 우수학생의 양성, 복수 학위 제도, 현장 실습 강화, 학, 석사 통합 운영, 논문 석, 박사 제도, 산학 협동 인력 양성, 실험 대학, 성인대학, 지방분교의 운영 등이 있다. 21세기를 앞두고 이러한 개혁동향이 더욱 가속될 것이다.

영문내용
(English Abstract)
This thesis examined the main revolution trend of Chinese engineering education system which is closely trelated to the demand of the industrial world. The reasons for which China tried to revolutionize engineering education were as follows : firstly, thje lack of high-qualified and professionalized man power in the industrial world. Secondly, the rupture in the age structure and thirdly, graduate students'' insufficient ability to adapt to the industiral companies. These situation had been influenced by professional education after the fashion of the Soviet Union and the Cultural Revolution. Thus, since 1980s, government have extended man power supply through various ways and maintained equilibrium between supply and demand within the industrial world. Also, government began to retrian the existing engineers, magnify the regular number in college students of science and engineering and treat an experienced man favorably in graduate schools. The State Education Commision leaded in searchingh for the ways to train engineers and testing the master of engineering training system. As an essay at reform, many attempts will be tried : bringing-up excellent students, the system of multi-degrees, field work, bachelor-master integration management, the system of master and doctor by thesis, strengthening educational-industrial cooperation, experimental school, adulot school, and local school. Until 21c to come, this trend will be accelerated on.
키워드(Keyword) 중국   공학교육   개혁 동향   China   Engineering Education   Revolution Trend  
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